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The University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh | College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine |
Deanery of Molecular, Genetic and Population Health Sciences | Usher Institute

Centre for Population Health Sciences

Strapline photo
Photo of Raj Bhopal CBE, DSc (hon)

Professor Raj Bhopal CBE, DSc (hon)

Bruce and John Usher Professor of Public Health and Honorary Consultant in Public Health Medicine

Tel: 0131 650 3216
Fax: (0131) 650 6909
Raj.Bhopal@ed.ac.uk

Role

  • Professional leadership
  • Research
  • Teaching
  • Public health service
  • Scholarship

Teaching Responsibilities

Undergraduate
  • Teaching in the 1st and the 3rd year public health course in Edinburgh
  • Supervision of special study projects
  • Helping develop proposals for public health teaching
Postgraduate
  • Supervision of MSc and PhD students' dissertations
  • Public health specialist training
  • CPD crash course on the concepts of epidemiology

Research Interests

  • Prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases and of diabetes in South Asians
  • Health and health care of ethnic minority groups
  • Prevention of obesity in infants, children and adults
  • Birth cohort studies
  • Inclusion/exclusion of populations in research and information databases
  • Methods and concepts of epidemiology

Current Research Involvement

  • PODOSA - Prevention of Diabetes in South Asians Trial
  • Bradford Birth Cohort Study (including a trial to prevent obesity in infants)
  • RCT of Obesity Prevention in Children in Birmingham
  • Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study
  • Modifying health promotion interventions to meet the needs of ethnic minority groups
  • Cross national comparisons of risk factors by ethnic group - UK and Holland

Other Responsibilities/Activities

  • Refereeing for many journals including BMJ, Lancet and JECH
  • Patron, South Asian Health Foundation
  • Lothian Health Board, Consultant in Public Health
  • Member, Migrant Health Section of EUPHA
  • Leader: World Congress of Epidemiology 2011
  • Lothian NHS Board's Additional Needs and Diversity Information Task Force (Chairman)

Further Information

Work History

Previous Appointments
1978-1982 House Officer and Senior House Officer posts in medicine and surgery & Trainee General Practitioner
1983-1988 Registrar/Senior Registrar/Lecturer in Public Health Medicine
1988-1991 Senior Lecturer/Honorary Consultant in Public Health Medicine
1991-1999
  1. Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, and Head of Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
  2. Honorary Consultant in Public Health Medicine
  3. Non-executive director (Vice-Chairman) of the Newcastle and North Tyneside Health Authority, Sept 1992 - 31 March 1996
  4. Visiting professor, School of Public Health, North Carolina, USA (1996/97)
  5. Non-Executive Director, Health Education Authority, April 1998-March 1999
Appointed to University of Edinburgh
1999 Professor, Public Health Sciences

Education

1975 BSc (Honours) Physiology, UoE
1978 MBChB, UoE
1982 MRCP (UK), Royal College of Physicians
1985 MPH, Glasgow University
1987 MFCM (now MFPH), Faculty of Public Health
1991 MD, University of Edinburgh
1995 FFPH, Faculty of Public Health Medicine
2000 FRCP (Edin), Royal College of Physicians (Edin)

Other

  • CBE (2001)
  • DSc (hon) (2005)

Selected grants

  • Scottish health and ethnicity linkage study (SHELS): examining inequalities in all-mortality, all-hospitalisation, infectious and parasitic diseases, injury and poisoning, and bowel screening. (CSO, 2013-2016) Bhopal R, Pearce J,Fischbacher C, Povey C, Sheikh A, Simpson C, Hutchinson S, Gruer L, Campbell C, Buchanan D.
  • Enhancing the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS) by adding respiratory and gastrointestinal mortality/morbidity data and assessing the value of linking primary care risk factor data (CSO, 2011-2012) Bhopal R, Fischbacher C, Sheikh A, Povey C, Pearce J, Buchanan D
  • Modifying health promotion interventions to meet the needs of ethnic minority groups (National Institute for Health Research HTA, 2008-2009) Sheikh A, Bhopal R, Johnson M et al
  • Born in Bradford: a longitudinal multiethnic birth cohort study to investigate the determinants of childhood growth, development and health. (NIHR, 2006-2014) Wright J, Bhopal R. (CI Bradford Institute for Health Research)
  • A family based intervention for primary prevention of type 2 Diabetes in South Asians: cluster randomised phase iii trial with economic analysis. (National Prevention Research Initiative, 2006-2011) Bhopal R, Sheikh A, Wild S, McKnight J, Wallia S, Lean M, Murray G, Forbes J, Lawton J Further info
  • Strategies to promote recruitment of South Asians (Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis) into UK asthma studies (Asthma UK, 2006-2007) Sheikh A, Bhopal R, Levy M, Car J, Griffiths C et al
  • Promoting smoking cessation in Bangladeshi and Pakistani male adults: pilot randomised controlled trial. (NPRI/MRC, 2006-2008) Sheikh A, Aveyard P, Amos A , Bhopal R, Prescott R J, Shackley P, Gill P, Bedi R
  • Developing services to meet end of life care needs of South Asian Sikh and Muslim patients and their families in Scotland (Chief Scientist Office, 2005-2007) Sheikh A, Bhopal R, Murray S, Kendall M, Worth A et al
  • The Use of Tobacco and Related Substances by Ethnic Minorities: the Development of a Culturally Valid Measure. (PATH/ASH Scotland, 2003-2004) Bhopal R, Hunt S, Amos A, Hanna L
  • Extracting information on the health of ethnic minorities from routine health data in Scotland: a case study of the development of cardiovascular disease profile. (Scottish Executive, 2002-2005) Fischbacher C, Bhopal R et al (CI ISD Scotland)

Publications

Link to Edinburgh Research Explorer for full publications list

Selected publications

  • Liu JJ, Davidson E, Bhopal RS, White M, Johnson MRD, Netto G, Sheikh A. Adapting health promotion interventions for ethnic minority groups: a qualitative study. Health Promotion International 2015 Jan 5. pii: dau105. [Epub ahead of print] DOI Link
  • Nahhas M, Bhopal R, Anandan C, Elton R, Sheikh A. Investigating the association between obesity and asthma in 6- to 8-year-old Saudi children: a matched case-control study. NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine. 2014 Jun 5;24:14004. doi: 10.1038/npjpcrm.2014.4. DOI Link
  • Fernandez J, Douglas A, Cezard G, Bhopal R. Epidemiology Data from the Scottish health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS). Open Health Data 2014;2:e8. DOI Link Link
  • Bhopal R, Cezard G, Bansal N, Ward H, Bhala N on behalf of the SHELS researchers. Ethnic variations in five lower gastrointestinal diseases: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study. BMJ Open 2014;4(10)e006120 DOI Link Link
  • Kristiansen M, Irshad T, Worth A, Bhopal R, Lawton J, Sheikh A. The practice of hope: a longitudinal, multi-perspective qualitative study among South Asian Sikhs and Muslims with life-limiting illness in Scotland. Ethn Health 2014 February 1;19(1):1-19. DOI Link
  • Zaman MJ, Bhopal RS. New answers to three questions on the epidemic of coronary mortality in south Asians: Incidence or case fatality? Biology or environment? Will the next generation be affected? Heart 2013;99:154-8. DOI Link
  • Wright J, Small N, Raynor P, Tuffnell D, Bhopal R, Cameron N, et al. Cohort profile: The Born in Bradford multi-ethnic family cohort study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2013;42(4):978-91. DOI Link
  • West J, Lawlor DA, Fairley L, Bhopal R, Cameron N, McKinney PA, et al. UK-born Pakistani-origin infants are relatively more adipose than White British infants: findings from 8704 mother-offspring pairs in the Born-in-Bradford prospective birth cohort. J Epidemiol Community Health 2013;67:544-51. DOI Link
  • Wallia S, Bhopal R.S., Douglas A, Bhopal R, Sharma A, Hutchison A, et al. Culturally adapting the prevention of diabetes and obesity in South Asians (PODOSA) trial. Health Promot Int 2013. DOI Link
  • Sharpe KH, Cezard G, Bansal N, Bhopal RS. Policy for home or hospice as the preferred place of death from cancer: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study population cohort shows challenges across all ethnic groups in Scotland. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care 2013. DOI Link
  • Rafnsson SB, Bhopal RS, Agyemang C, Fagot-Campagna A, Harding S, Hammar N, et al. Sizable variations in circulatory disease mortality by region and country of birth in six European countries. Eur J Public Health 2013;23(4):594-605. DOI Link
  • Mir G, Salway S, Kai J, Karlsen S, Bhopal R, Ellison GT, et al. Principles for research on ethnicity and health: the Leeds Consensus Statement. Eur J Public Health 2013;23(3):504-10. DOI Link
  • Liu JJ, Wabnitz C, Davidson E, Bhopal RS, White M, Johnson MRD, et al. Smoking cessation interventions for ethnic minority groupsA systematic review of adapted interventions. Preventive medicine 2013 Dec;57(6):765-75. DOI Link
  • Fischbacher CM, Cezard G, Bhopal RS, Pearce J, Bansal N. Measures of socioeconomic position are not consistently associated with ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease in Scotland: methods from the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS). International Journal of Epidemiology 2013 Dec 19 DOI Link
  • Dunn CE, Rowlingson B, Bhopal RS, Diggle P. Meteorological conditions and incidence of Legionnaires' disease in Glasgow, Scotland: application of statistical modelling. Epidemiology & Infection 2013;141(4):687-96. DOI Link
  • Douglas A, Bhopal RS, Bhopal R, Forbes JF, Gill JMR, McKnight J, et al. Design and baseline characteristics of the PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in South Asians) trial: a cluster, randomised lifestyle intervention in Indian and Pakistani adults with impaired glycaemia at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. BMJ Open 2013 Jan 1;3(2) DOI Link
  • de Munter JSL, Agyemang C, van Valkengoed IGM, Bhopal R, Zaninotto P, Nazroo J, et al. Cross national study of leisure-time physical activity in Dutch and English populations with ethnic group comparisons. Eur J Public Health 2013;23:440-6. DOI Link
  • Davidson EM, Liu JJ, Bhopal RS, White M, Johnson MRD, Netto G, et al. Consideration of ethnicity in guidelines and systematic reviews promoting lifestyle interventions: a thematic analysis. Eur J Public Health 2013 Jul 26. DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, Bhopal Raj, Nicolaou M, Kunst AE, Zaninotto P, Unwin N, et al. Using existing data to conduct international comparisons of ethnic inequalities in health: A developmental project comparing the UK and the Netherlands. In: Agyemang C, Airhihenbuwa CO, de-Graft AA, editors. Ethnicity - Theories, International Perspectives and Challenges.New York: Nova; 2013. p. 19-48.
  • Davidson EM, Liu JJ, Bhopal RS, White M, Johnson MR, Netto G, et al. Behavior Change Interventions to Improve the Health of Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations: A Tool Kit of Adaptation Approaches. The Milbank quarterly 2013;91(4):811-51. DOI Link
  • Bryant M, Santorelli G, Fairley L, West J, Lawlor DA, Bhopal R, et al. Design and characteristics of a new birth cohort, to study the early origins and ethnic variation of childhood obesity: the BiB1000 study. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 2013;4(2):119-35. DOI Link
  • Bryant M, Santorelli G, Lawlor DA, Farrar D, Tuffnell D, Bhopal R, et al. A comparison of South Asian specific and established BMI thresholds for determining obesity prevalence in pregnancy and predicting pregnancy complications: findings from the Born in Bradford cohort. Int J Obes (Lond) 2013 Jun 25. DOI Link
  • Brin GI, Ward H, Bansal N, Bhopal R, Bhala N. Ethnic differences in Upper Gastrointestinal Disease in Scotland. J Epidemiol Community Health 2013;67(Suppl 1):A70-A71. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Humphry RW, Fischbacher CM. Changes in cardiovascular risk factors in relation to increasing ethnic inequalities in cardiovascular mortality: comparison of cross-sectional data in the Health Surveys for England 1999 and 2004. BMJ Open 2013;3(9). DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Douglas A, Wallia S, Forbes JF, Lean MEJ, Gill JMR, et al. Effect of a lifestyle intervention on weight change in south Asian individuals in the UK at high risk of type 2 diabetes: a family-cluster randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology 2013 Dec 23. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Petherick ES, Wright J, Small N. Potential social, economic and general health benefits of consanguineous marriage: results from the Born in Bradford cohort study. Eur J Public Health 2013 Nov 8. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS. A four-stage model explaining the higher risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in South Asians compared with European populations. Diabet Med 2013;30(1):35-42. DOI Link
  • Bhala N, Brin G, Bansal N, Ward H, Bhopal R. Ethnic Differences in Alcohol-Related Diseases in Scotland. J Epidemiol Community Health 2013;67(Suppl 1):A38-A39. DOI Link
  • Bansal N, Fischbacher CM, Bhopal RS, Brown H, Steiner MF, Capewell S, et al. Myocardial infarction incidence and survival by ethnic group: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage retrospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2013 Sep 1;3(9). DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, Bhopal R. Hypertension and cardiovascular disease endpoints by ethnic group: the promise of data linkage. Heart 2013;99(10):675-6. DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, Kunst AE, Bhopal R, Zanionotto P, Nazroo J, Unwin N, et al. A cross-national comparative study of metabolic syndrome among non-diabetic Dutch and English ethnic groups. European Journal of Public Health 2013;23:447-52. DOI Link
  • Abouzeid M, Bhopal RS, Dunbar JA, Janus ED. The potential for measuring ethnicity and health in a multicultural milieu - the case of type 2 diabetes in Australia. Ethn Health 2013 Aug 20. DOI Link
  • Nahhas M, Bhopal R, Anandan C, Elton R, Sheikh A. Prevalence of Allergic Disorders among Primary School-Aged Children in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Two-Stage Cross-Sectional Survey. PLoS ONE 2012 May 17;7(5):e36848. DOI Link
  • Mir G, Salway S, Kai J, Karlsen S, Bhopal R, Ellison GT, et al. Principles for research on ethnicity and health: the Leeds Consensus Statement. Eur J Public Health 2012 May 2. DOI Link Link
  • Liu JJ, Davidson E, Bhopal RS, White M, Johnson MRD, Netto G, et al. Adapting health promotion interventions to meet the needs of ethnic minority groups: mixed methods evidence synthesis. Health Technology Assessment Monograph Series 2012, In Press. Link
  • Douglas A, Glover J, Bhopal R. Lothian Ethnic Coding Task Force, March 2009-March 2012, Final Report. Edinburgh: NHS Lothian; 2012.
  • Bhopal RS. The quest for culturally sensitive health-care systems in Scotland: insights for a multi-ethnic Europe. J Public Health 2012 Jan 20. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS. Research agenda for tackling inequalities related to migration and ethnicity in Europe. J Public Health 2012 Feb 24;34(2):167-73. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Smith WC, McEwen J, Macfarlane G, McCallum A, Pattison D, et al. Organising a World Congress of Epidemiology (WCE): Reflections and lessons from the XIX WCE, Scotland. Public Health 2012 Mar;126(3):265-70. DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Bansal N, Fischbacher CM, Brown H, Capewell S. Ethnic variations in heart failure: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS). Heart 2012 Jan 27. DOI Link
  • Bhopal R, Smith C, Smith J, Craig P, Sans S, Littlejohn C, et al. World Congress of Epidemiology 2011: themes and highlights. Public Health 2012 Mar;126(3):179-84. DOI Link
  • Bhopal R, Rafnsson S. Global inequalities in assessment of migrant and ethnic variations in health. Public Health 2012 Mar;126(3):241-4. DOI Link
  • XIX World Epidemiology Congress Special Issue. Bhopal R, Johnman C, Bhala N, Pattison D, Mackie P, editors. Public Health 126[3], 1-276. 2012. London, Royal Society for Public Health.
  • Bhala N, Patterson D, Johnman C, Bhopal R. Epidemiology Congresses XIX, XX and beyond: Back to the future of population health. Public Health 2012 Mar;126(3):271-3. DOI Link
  • Bansal N, Bhopal RS, Steiner MF, Brewster DH. Major ethnic group differences in breast cancer screening uptake in Scotland are not extinguished by adjustment for indices of geographical residence, area deprivation, long-term illness and education. Br J Cancer 2012 Mar 13;106(8):1361-6. DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, Humphry RW, Bhopal R. Divergence With Age in Blood Pressure in African-Caribbean and White Populations in England: Implications for Screening for Hypertension. Am J Hypertens 2012;25(1):89-96. DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, van Valkengoed IG, van den Born BJ, Bhopal R, Stronks K. Heterogeneity in sex differences in the metabolic syndrome in Dutch white, Surinamese African and South Asian populations. Diabet Med 2012 Feb 22. DOI Link
  • Agyemang C, Kunst AE, Bhopal R, Zaninotto P, Nazroo J, Unwin N, van V, I, Redekop WK, Stronks K. A cross-national comparative study of metabolic syndrome among non-diabetic Dutch and English ethnic groups. Eur J Public Health 2012 Apr 28. DOI Link
  • Nahhas M, Bhopal R, Anandan C, Elton R, Sheikh A (2012) Prevalence of Allergic Disorders among Primary School-Aged Children in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: Two-Stage Cross-Sectional Survey. PLoS ONE 7(5): DOI Link
  • Bhopal RS, Macfarlane GJ, Cairns Smith W, Victora CG. XIXth IEA World Congress of Epidemiology, Edinburgh: August 7th-11th 2011. Public Health 2011 Jul 1;125(7):482-3. DOI Link Link
  • Bhopal R, Macfarlane GJ, Smith WC, West R. What is the future of epidemiology? Lancet 2011 Aug 6;378(9790):464-5. DOI Link Link
  • Bhopal RS, Macfarlane GJ, Smith WC, Victora CG. World congress of epidemiology. International Journal of Epidemiology 2011 Feb 1;40(1):3-4. DOI Link Link
  • Stirland L, Halani L, Bhopal R, et al. Recruitment of South Asians into asthma research: qualitative study of UK and US researchers. Prim Care Respir J 2011 Sep;20(3):282-90. DOI Link Link
  • Douglas A, Bhopal RS, Bhopal R, Forbes JF, Gill JM, Lawton J, et al. Recruiting South Asians to a lifestyle intervention trial: experiences and lessons from PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in South Asians). Trials 2011;12(1):220. DOI Link Link
  • Katikireddi SV, Morling JR, Bhopal R. Is there a divergence in time trends in the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes? A systematic review in South Asian populations. International Journal of Epidemiology 2011 Oct 26. DOI Link Link
  • Hanna LC, Hunt SM, Bhopal RS. Using the Rose Angina Questionnaire cross-culturally: the importance of consulting lay people when translating epidemiological questionnaires. Ethnicity & Health 2011:1-11. DOI Link Link
  • Begh R, Aveyard P, Upton P, Bhopal RS, White M, Amos A, Prescott R, Bedi R, Barton P, Fletcher M, Gill P, Zaidi Q and Sheikh A. Promoting smoking cessation in Pakistani and Bangladeshi men in the UK: pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community outreach workers. Trials 2011; 12: 197. Link
  • Bhopal RS, Bansal N, Fischbacher CM, Brown H, Capewell S. Ethnic variations in the incidence and mortality of stroke in the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2011. DOI Link Link
  • Bhopal RS, Bansal N, Fischbacher C, Brown H, Capewell S. Ethnic variations in chest pain and angina in men and women: Scottish Ethnicity and Health Linkage Study of 4.65 million people. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil 2011. DOI Link Link
  • Samsudeen BS, Douglas A, Bhopal RS. Challenges in recruiting South Asians into prevention trials: Health professional and community recruiters' perceptions on the PODOSA trial. Public Health 2011 Mar 28;125:201-9. DOI Link Link
  • Gill JMR, Bhopal R, Douglas A et al. Sitting Time and Waist Circumference Are Associated with Glycemia in U.K. South Asians. Diabetes Care 2011; 34: 1214-1218. Link
  • Bhopal RS, Rafnsson SB, Agyemang C, Fagot-Campagna A, Giampaoli S, Hammar N, et al. Mortality from circulatory diseases by specific country of birth across six European countries: test of concept. Eur J Public Health 2011 May 20. DOI Link Link
  • Agyemang C, Kunst AE, Bhopal R, Anujuo K, Zaninotto P, Nazroo J, et al. Diabetes Prevalence in Populations of South Asian Indian and African Origins: A Comparison of England and The Netherlands. Epidemiology 2011;22(4):563-567. DOI Link
  • Begh R, Aveyard P, Upton P, Bhopal R, White M, Amos A, et al. Experiences of outreach workers in promoting smoking cessation to Bangladeshi and Pakistani men: longitudinal qualitative evaluation. BMC Public Health 2011;11(1):452. Link
  • Rooney LK, Bhopal R, Halani L, Levy ML, Partridge MR, Netuveli G et al. Promoting recruitment of minority ethnic groups into research: qualitative study exploring the views of South Asian people with asthma. J Public Health 2011,33;4:604-615. DOI Link Link
  • Agyemang C, Kunst A, Bhopal R et al. Dutch versus English advantage in the epidemic of central and generalised obesity is not shared by ethnic minority groups: comparative secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. Int J Obes 2011 DOI Link Link
  • Lorant V, Bhopal RS. Ethnicity, socio-economic status and health research: insights from and implications of Charles Tilly's theory of Durable Inequality. J Epidemiol Community Health 2011;65:671-5. Link
  • Rafnsson SB, Saravanan P, Bhopal RS, Yajnik CS. Is a low blood level of vitamin B12 a cardiovascular and diabetes risk factor? A systematic review of cohort studies. Eur J Nutr (2011) 50:97-106. DOI Link Link
  • Bhopal R, Fischbacher C, Povey C, Chalmers J, Mueller G, Steiner M, et al. Cohort profile: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease in Scotland. Int J Epidemiol 2011; 40 (5):1168-1175 DOI Link Link
  • Stefler D, Bhopal R. Comparison of the Hungarian and Scottish communicable disease control systems: Lessons for a convergent European Community. Public Health 2010;124(3):167-73. Link
  • Shah AS, Bhopal R, Gadd S, Donohoe R. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in South Asian and white populations in London: database evaluation of characteristics and outcome. Heart 2010 Jan 1;96(1):27-9 Link
  • Netto G, Bhopal R, Lederle N, Khatoon J, Jackson A. How can health promotion interventions be adapted for minority ethnic communities? Five principles for guiding the development of behavioural interventions. Health Promot Int 2010 Mar 18;daq012 Link
  • Lorant V, Bhopal R. Comparing policies to tackle ethnic inequalities in health: Belgium 1 Scotland 4. Eur J Public Health 2010 May 16;ckq061 DOI Link
  • de Munter JS, Agyemang C, van V, I, Bhopal R, Stronks K. Sex difference in blood pressure among South Asian diaspora in Europe and North America and the role of BMI: a meta-analysis. J Hum Hypertens 2010 DOI Link
  • Bhala N, Fischbacher C, Bhopal R. Mortality for alcohol-related harm by Country of Birth in Scotland, 2000-2004: Potential Lessons for Prevention. Alcohol and Alcoholism 2010 DOI Link
  • Bhala N, Rosato M, Wild S, Bhopal R, Harding S. Peptic ulcer disease: further work is required to reduce inequalities. Lancet 2010; 375(9714):553
  • Agyemang C, Stronks K, Tromp N, Bhopal R, Zaninotto P, Unwin N et al. A cross-national comparative study of smoking prevalence and cessation between English and Dutch South Asian and African origin populations: the role of national context. Nicotine Tob Res 2010; 12(6):557-566 Link
  • Agyemang C, Kunst A, Bhopal R, Zaninotto P, Unwin N, Nazroo J et al. A Cross-National Comparative Study of Blood Pressure and Hypertension Between English and Dutch South-Asian- and African-Origin Populations: The Role of National Context. Am J Hypertens 2010; 23(6):639-648. Link
  • Fischbacher CM, Bhopal R, Steiner M, Morris AD, Chalmers J. Is there equity of service delivery and intermediate outcomes in South Asians with type 2 diabetes? Analysis of DARTS database and summary of UK publications. J Public Health 2009 31: 239-249.
  • Bhala N, Bhopal R, Brock A, Griffiths C, Wild S. Alcohol-related and hepatocellular cancer deaths by country of birth in England and Wales: analysis of mortality and census data .J Public Health (Oxf). 2009 Jun;31(2):250-7.
  • Begh R A, Aveyard P, Upton P, Bhopal R S, White M, Amos A, Prescott R J, Bedi R, Barton P, Fletcher M, Gill P, Zaidi Q, Sheikh A (2009) Promoting smoking cessation in Bangladeshi and Pakistani male adults: Design of a pilot cluster randomised controlled trial of trained community smoking cessation workers . Trials, 10, 71.
  • Bhopal RS, Rafnsson SB. Could mitochondrial efficiency explain the susceptibility to adiposity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in South Asian populations? International Journal of Epidemiology 2009 Aug 1;38(4):1072-81. Link
  • Worth A, Irshad T, Bhopal R, Brown D, Lawton J, Grant E, Murray S, Kendall M, Adam J, Gardee R, Sheikh A. Vulnerability and access to care for South Asian Sikh and Muslim patients with life-limiting illness: prospective longitudinal qualitative study. BMJ 2009;338:b183 doi:10.1136/bmj.b183
  • Bhopal RS. Concepts of Epidemiology. 2 ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2008.
  • Abubakari AR, Lauder W, Agyemang C, Jones M, Kirk A, Bhopal RS. Prevalence and time trends in obesity among adult West African populations: a meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews 2008 Jul 18;9(4):297-311.
  • Bhopal R. Causes in epidemiology: the jewels in the public health crown. J Public Health 2008 Jul 11;30(3):224-5. Link
  • Bhopal R. Ethical issues in health research on ethnic minority populations: focusing on inclusion and exclusion. Research Ethics Review 2008;4(1):15-9.
  • Hanna L, Hunt S, Bhopal R. Insights from research on cross-cultural validation of health-related questionnaires: the role of bilingual project workers and lay participants. Current Sociology 2008 Jan 1;56(1):115-31.
  • Fischbacher CM, Bhopal R, Povey C, Steiner M, Chalmers J, Mueller G, Jamieson J, Knowles D. Record linked retrospective cohort study of 4.6 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease: myocardial infarction in South Asians. BMC Public Health 2007;7:142.
  • Fischbacher CM, Steiner M, Bhopal R, Chalmers J, Jamieson J, Knowles D, Povey C. Variations in all cause and cardiovascular mortality by country of birth in Scotland 1997-2003. Scottish Medical Journal 2007;52(4):5-9
  • Wild SH, Fischbacher CM, Brock A, Griffiths C, Bhopal R. Mortality from all causes and circulatory disease by country of birth in England and Wales 2001-2003. Journal of Public Health 2007 ;29(2):191-8.
  • Reynolds RM, Fischbacher C, Bhopal R, Byrne CD, White M, Unwin N et al. Differences in cortisol concentrations in South Asian and European men living in the United Kingdom. Clin.Endocrinol.(Oxf) 2006;64:530-4
  • Wild SH, Fischbacher CM, Brock A, Griffiths C, Bhopal R. Mortality from all cancers and lung, colorectal, breast and prostate cancer by country of birth in England and Wales, 2001-2003. British Journal of Cancer 2006; 94: 1079-1085.
  • Bhopal R, Fischbacher C, Vartiainen E, Unwin N, White M, Alberti G. Predicted and observed cardiovascular disease in South Asians: application of FINRISK, Framingham and SCORE models to Newcastle Heart Project data. Journal of Public Health 2005;27: 93-100
  • Bhopal R, Vettini A, Hunt S, Wiebe S, Hanna L, Amos A. Review of prevalence data and evaluation of methods for cross-cultural adaptation of UK surveys on tobacco and alcohol in ethnic minority groups: a challenge for epidemiology. BMJ 2004;328: 76-80
  • Fischbacher C, Bhopal R, Ruttert MK, Unwin N, Marshall SM, White M et al. Microalbuminuria is more frequent in South Asian than in European origin populations: a comparative study in Newcastle, UK. Diabetic Medicine 2003;31-36
  • Hayes L, White M, Unwin, Bhopal R, Fischbacher C, Harland J.A, Albertiu KG et al. Patterns of physical activity and relationship with risk markers for cardiovascular disease and diabetes in Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and European adults in a UK population. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2002; 24:170-178.
  • Gill PS, Kai J, Bhopal RS, Wild SH. Health Needs Assessment for Black and Ethnic Minority Groups (book chapter) Link
  • Fischbacher, C.M.; Bhopal ,R.; Unwin, N.; White, M.; Alberti, K.G. The performance of the Rose angina questionnaire in South Asian and European origin populations: a comparative study in Newcastle Int J Epidemiol 2001;54:786

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